Uruguay

IT IS THE FOURTH LARGEST PRODUCER IN SOUTH AMERICA (AFTER ARGENTINA, CHILE AND BRAZIL) BUT THE PRODUCTION IS TINY. URUGUAY IS A FLAT COUNTRY; THE PRODUCT OF GENTLE AGEING AND WEATHERING OF A VARIETY OF SOIL TYPE. THIS FLAT LANDSCAPE AND ITS PROXIMITY TO THE ATLANTIC OCEAN, WITH THE CHILLY ANTARCTIC CURRENTS, ALONG WITH SOMETIMES FIERCE WINDS THAT BLOW INLAND FROM THE SEA, GIVE THE SOUTHERN COASTAL REGION A COOL MARITIME CLIMATE (IT’S ALMOST SUB-TROPICAL FURTHER NORTH) THAT COULD BE COMPARABLE TO BORDEAUX OR MARGARET RIVER.
THE MAIN WINE-GROWING REGION, WHERE 90% OF THE WINES ARE MADE, IS CANELONES; SITUATED AROUND THE CAPITAL MONTEVIDEO AND NEXT TO THE RIO DE LA PLATA (THE WORLD WIDEST RIVER; AN ESTUARY THAT LEADS INTO THE ATLANTIC OCEAN). THE HIGHEST AREA GENTLY RISES TO 100M; THERE ARE NO SLOPES OR RIVER VALLEYS FOR VINEYARDS HERE. THE SOILS ARE CLAY OR CLAY AND LIMESTONE MIX. CLAY RETAINS WATER WELL DURING DRY PERIODS, FORMING A HARD CRUST ON THE SURFACE. THESE VINEYARDS DO NOT NEED IRRIGATION AND ALTHOUGH IT CAN BE DRY, THE VINES ARE RARELY WATER